A-AS Level (CIE) Psychology: Specimen Questions with Answers 234 - 236 of 299

Question 234

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Give some examples of Token economies (Marks 4)

Explanation

Examples of tokens used in token economies

  • Poker chips
  • Smiley faces
  • Stamps, stickers, stars
  • Check marks
  • Beads, marbles
  • Plastic or cardboard cut into geometric shapes
  • Puzzle pieces that can be accumulated and put together in a puzzle
The Token Economies

Question 235

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Brief about the contributions of person centered therapy (Marks 3)

Explanation

Contributions of Person-centerd therapy

  • Focus is on breaking cultural barriers and facilitating open dialogue among diverse cultural populations.
  • Main strengths are respect for client՚s values, active listening, welcoming of differences, non-judgmental attitude and understanding
  • Willingness to allow clients to determine what will be explored in sessions and prizing cultural pluralism
Contributions of Person-Centerd Therapy

Question 236

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Difference between Cognitive Therapy and Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (Marks 5)

Explanation

Differences between Cognitive therapy and Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy

  • REBT is often highly directive, persuasive and confrontational. It also focus on the teaching role of the therapist.
  • The therapist models rational thinking and helps clients to identify and dispute irrational beliefs.
  • In contrast CT uses a Socratic dialogue by posing open-ended questions to clients with the aim of getting clients to reflect on personal issues and arrive at their own conclusions
  • CT places more emphasis on helping clients identify their misconceptions for themselves than does REBT.
  • Through the reflective questioning process, the cognitive therapist attempts to collaborate with the clients in testing the validity of their cognitions a process called as Collaborative empiricism
Cognitive Therapy and Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy