A-AS Level (CIE) Psychology: Specimen Questions with Answers 227 - 228 of 299

Question number: 227

Edit

Short Answer Question▾

Write in Short

What are the two types of Time-out? (Marks 4)

Explanation

Types of time out are

  • Non-Exclusionary time out- Most likely to be used when the person can be removed from the reinforcing activities while still remaining in the room and the presence of person in the room will not be disruptive to others in the environment

  • Exclusionary timeout- Person is removed from the room (renforcing environment) where the problem behavior occurred and is taken to another room. This removes the person from all sources of positive reinforcement

The Types of time out

The Types of Time Out

Question number: 228

Edit

Short Answer Question▾

Write in Short

Adler proposed four basic styles of life- Explain (Marks 4)

Explanation

Adler proposed four basic styles of life ford dealing with these problems

  • Dominant type- It displays a dominant or ruling attitude with little social awareness. Such a person behaves without regard for others. The more extreme of this type attack others and become sadists, delinquents and sociopaths

  • Getting type-This type expects to receive satisfaction from other people and becomes dependent on them.

  • Avoiding type- The avoiding type makes no attempt to life’s problems. By avoiding difficulties, the person avoids any possibility of failure

  • Socially useful type-This type cooperates with others and acts in accordance with their needs. Such person cope with problems within a well-developed framework of social interest