A-AS Level (CIE) Psychology: Specimen Questions with Answers 225 - 226 of 299

Question 225

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How Sexual Sadism is different from Sexual Masochism? (Marks 4)

Explanation

Sexual Sadism Disorder- Over a period of atleast6 month’s recurrent and intense sexual arousal from the psychological or physical suffering of another person as manifested by fantasies, urges or behaviors

  • The person has acted on these sexual urges with anon-consenting person, or the sexual urges or fantasies cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational or other important areas of functioning
  • Sexual Masochism Disorder- Over a period of at least 6 months recurrent and intense sexual arousal from the act of being humiliated, beaten, bound or otherwise made to suffer as manifested by fantasies, urges or behaviors
  • The sexual urges or fantasies cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational or other important areas of functioning
Sexual Sadism is different from Sexual Masochism

Sexual Sadism is Different from Sexual Masochism

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Question 226

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Define the following roles (Marks 8)

a) Cultural feminism

b) Radical feminism

c) Social feminism

d) Postmodern feminism

Explanation

  • Social feminist- Shares with radical feminists the goal of societal change. Their emphasis differs, however they focus on multiple oppressions and believe to society’s problems must include considerations of class, race, sexual orientation economics, nationality and history
  • Cultural feminist- Believe oppression stems from society’s devaluation of women’s strengths, values and roles. Cultural feminism highlights the value of interdependence over individualism
  • Radical feminist- Focus on the oppression of women that is embedded in a patriarchy and seek to change society through activism and equalizing power
  • Postmodern feminist- Provide a model for critiquing other traditional and feminist approaches, addressing the issue of what constitutes reality and proposing multiple truths as opposed to a single truth. The postmodern perspective is based on the assumption that reality is embedded in social relationships and historical contexts is socially created or invented, and is reproduced through power relationships