A-AS Level (CIE) Psychology: Specimen Questions with Answers 217 - 219 of 299

Question number: 217

Edit

One Liner Question▾

Write in Brief

A farmer is tending 17 sheep. All but nine escape through a break in the fence. How many sheep are left? Is this problem closely related to IQ? Justify (Marks 3)

Explanation

  • Some people usually subtract 9 from 17 and come up with the answer 8; they fail to reflect carefully on the information given and thus fail to realize that the answer has been already provided: “All but nine escape”.

  • People’s ability to solve this problem is not very closely related to their IQ, perhaps personality factors such as patience and carefulness have much to do with success

Question number: 218

Edit

One Liner Question▾

Write in Brief

What are the social psychology methods through which one gains understanding of human behaviour? (4 Marks)

Explanation

As a social psychology method, empiricism advocates the collection and evaluation of data. Experimentation is the main source of empirical research. It is primarily guided by inductions from observations rather than by deductions from theoretical constructs

Social psychology method

Social Psychology Method

Question number: 219

Edit

Short Answer Question▾

Write in Short

Differentiate Lesch-Nyhan syndrome form Fragile X-syndrome (Marks 4)

Explanation

Differentiate between Lesch-Nyhan syndrome and Fragile X syndrome are as follows

  • Lesch-Nyhan syndrome an X-linked disorder, is characterized by intellectual disability, signs of cerebral palsy (Spasticity or tightening of the muscles), and self-injurious behavior, including fingertip and lip biting.

Only males are affected

  • Fragile X syndrome is a second common chromosomally related cause of intellectual disability. As the name suggests this disorder is caused by an abnormality on the X chromosome, a mutation that makes the tip of the chromosome look as though it were hanging from a thread