A-AS Level (CIE) Psychology: Specimen Questions with Answers 212 - 213 of 299

Question number: 212

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Define the following terms (Marks 6)

a) Opposition principle

b) Equivalence principle

c) Entropy principle

Explanation

  • Opposition principle- Jung’s idea that conflict between opposing processes or tendencies is necessary to generate psychic energy. He noted the existence of opposites or polarities in physical energy in the universe such as heat versus cold, height versus depth and creation versus decay.

  • Equivalence principle-Jung stated that energy expended in bringing about some condition is not lost but rather is shifted to another part of the personality. For example if we lost interest in a hobby, it may obviously shift into an another one

  • Entropy principle- Tendency toward balance or equilibrium within the personality. Equal distribution of psychic energy overall the structure of personality.

Question number: 213

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Discuss the amalgamation of sociology and psychology to make social psychology (Mark 10)

Explanation

  • For a sociologist, the basic unit of analysis is the social system. For a psychologist, the basic unit of analysis is the individual, but the individual and social system cannot be studied without the reference to either of these

  • As one is contained in the other, and the existence of the other is nothing without the first.

  • Various views gave birth to two forms of social psychology: Psychological social psychology and sociological social psychology

  • Psychological social psychology: Emphasis upon subject’s mental processes, dispositions, experiences and immediate social situation

  • Sociological social psychology: Emphasis upon subject’s place in social order, their socialized roles and historical social context