A-AS Level (CIE) Psychology: Specimen Questions with Answers 18 - 19 of 299

Question 18

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Short Answer▾

Explain syllables, morphemes, words, clauses and sentences (Marks 5)

Explanation

  • Syllable is the smallest unit of speech perception. Two or three phonemes combined into a syllable
  • Morphemes are the smallest units of meaning in speech production. Morphemes can be prefixes, words or suffixes

  • Words are combined by the rules of the grammar into clauses and clauses are formed into sentences

  • Clause consists of a verb and its associated nouns, adjectives and so on.

  • Sentences – Clauses are combined into sentences

The Levels of Language

Question 19

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One Liner▾

A person who is strongly driven by threatening sexual impulses may repress those impulses and replace them with more socially acceptable behavior. This is an example of which defense mechanism? -Justify (Marks 2)

Explanation

This defense mechanism is an example of Sublimation. It involves altering the id impulses, instinctual energy is diverted into another channels of expression which the society considers acceptable and admirable. For example sexual energy can be diverted or sublimated into artistically creative behaviors.

Example of Sublimation