A-AS Level (CIE) Psychology: Specimen Questions with Answers 197 - 199 of 299

Question 197

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Differentiate Upward social comparison from Upward social comparison (Marks 4)

Explanation

Downward social comparison refers to instances in which we compare to someone and lesser ability than ourselves

Upward social comparison refers to instances in which we compare to someone who outperforms us in areas central to the self

Question 198

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What is the other name of Persistent Depressive Disorder? -Explain (4 Marks)

Explanation

Dysthymia -Long-term unchanging symptoms of mild depression, if left untreated it may sometimes last for 20 to 30 years. Daily functioning not as severely affected, but over time impairment is cumulative which is known as Persistent Depressive Disorder

Persistent Depressive Disorder

Persistent Depressive Disorder

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Question 199

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Explain the usefulness and validity of projective techniques (Marks 3)

Explanation

Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory have been validated in research; criterion groups were used to establish the validity, however the projective tests which do not have grading scales lacks reliability and validity to an extent. Clinical psychologists use projective test often, but interpretation of most such tests remains more an art than a science.