A-AS Level (CIE) Psychology: Specimen Questions with Answers 195 - 196 of 299

Question 195

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a) Enriching the environments of young children with special books and toys will increase their scores on intelligence tests

b) Giving people training in how to meditate will improve their skill as tennis players-List out the dependent and independent variables of both (a) and (b) (Marks 4)

Explanation

a) Environmental enrichment is the independent variable while the changes in intelligence test scores is the dependent variable

b) Meditation training is the independent variable and tennis skills is the dependent variable.

Independent variable and tennis skills dependent variable

Independent Variable and Tennis Skills Dependent Variable

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Question 196

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Briefly tell about the cross-sectional research design in your own words-Give example (4 Marks)

Explanation

Researchers take a cross section of a population across the different age groups and compare them on some characteristic. For example, if they were trying to understand the development of alcohol abuse and dependence, they could take groups of adolescents at 12,15 and 17 years of age and assess their beliefs about alcohol abuse

The cross-sectional research design

The Cross-Sectional Research Design

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