A-AS Level (CIE) Psychology: Specimen Questions with Answers 178 - 180 of 299

Question 178

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What is Expectancy valence model? Give example in your own words (4 Marks)

Explanation

  • Expectancy value model state that a person’s motivation to achieve a goal depends on a combination of the value of that goal (valence) and the person estimation of the likelihood of success.
  • For example, under certain circumstances, a high probability of success can actually reduce motivation. In most cases, a person will expand more effort when there is a moderate probability of success
Expectancy valence model

Expectancy Valence Model

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Question 179

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What are Situational and Dispositional causes of Attribution? (2 Marks)

Explanation

In an internal or dispositions, people believe that other personal behaviour is due their traits and personality whereas the other external or situational factors, people infer that their own behaviour is due to their situational causes

Situational and Dispositional causes of Attribution

Situational and Dispositional Causes of Attribution

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Question 180

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Mrs. X no longer recognizes Timmy when he visits, even though he is her only grandchild- This is an example of (Hint- Symptom of dementia) (Marks 2)

Explanation

This case belongs to facial amnesia. Individuals with this disorder often have difficulty in recognizing their family members and close friends