A-AS Level (CIE) Psychology: Specimen Questions with Answers 15 - 17 of 299

Question number: 15

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One Liner Question▾

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Define the following terms

a) Functional fixedness (Mark 2)

b) Expand PASS (Mark 4)

Explanation

a. Functional fixedness refers to the tendency to perceive the objects with their customary and stereotypical use

b. PASS- Planning, Attention-Arousal, Simultaneous and Successive processing systems

Question number: 16

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Short Answer Question▾

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Define Emotional focused therapy (Marks 3)

Explanation

One of the developments associated with person-centered approach is the emergence of emotion-focussed therapy

  • Leslie Greenberg is a promnentfigurein the development of this integrative approach

  • Emotion-focused therapy is rooted in person-centerd therapy but it synthesizes aspects of Gestalt therapy and existential therapy

  • EFT is a therapeutic practice informed by an understanding of the role of emotion in a psychotherapeutic change

Define Emotional focused therapy

Define Emotional Focused Therapy

Question number: 17

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Explain Speech sound disorders

a) Articulation disorders (Mark 3)

b) Phonemic disorders (Mark 2)

Explanation

a. Articulation disorders-Articulation involves the use of tongue, lips, teeth and mouth to produce recognizable speech sounds. Articulation is disordered if sounds are added, omitted, substituted or distorted. Articulation disorders may be caused by factors such as structural abnormalities. For example a cleft lip/palate, tongue-tie, missing teeth or a deformed mouth

b. Phonemic disorders- Speech disorders in which individuals have trouble physically producing sounds. Phonemic disorders are sometimes called speech impediments. For example ‘t” and ‘c’ are always pronounced with incorrect sound as a substitution