A-AS Level (CIE) Psychology: Specimen Questions with Answers 13 - 14 of 299

Question number: 13

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Differentiate situational phobia from natural environment phobia (Marks 6)


Situational phobia is differentiated from Natural environment phobia are as follows

  • Phobias characterized by fear of public transportation or enclosed places are called as situational phobias

  • Claustrophobia is a fear of small enclosed places is situational

  • Sometimes very young people develop fears of situations or events occurring in nature and these fears are called as Natural environment phobias. Major examples are heights, storms and water.

The Situational phobia

The Situational Phobia

Question number: 14

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Brief about the key constituents of Balance theory (Marks 6)


Key constituents of Balance theory are as follows

  • Balance theory involves the relation between a person and two attitude objects

  • The three elements are connected by either favourable (good, liking or positive) attitude or unfavorable (bad, disliking or negative attitudes)

  • The structure formed by the relations among the elements may be balanced or unbalanced

  • In general, a balanced state is one in which the elements fit together harmoniously. In this same vein, if you have two friends who are not acquainted, you probably assume that they will like each other once they are introduced

  • Or if you dislike someone, you will assume your friend will also dislike that person. “My enemy’s enemy is my friend”

  • The basic tenet of balance theory is that there is a tendency to maintain or restore balance in one’s attitude structures

Key constituents of Balance theory

Key Constituents of Balance Theory

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