A-AS Level (CIE) Psychology: Specimen Questions with Answers 146 - 148 of 299

Question number: 146

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Differentiate personal and collective unconscious (Marks 4)

Explanation

Personal unconscious- The reservoir of material that was once conscious but has been forgotten or suppressed Collective unconscious-The deepest level of psyche containing the accumulation of inherited experiences of human and pre-human species

Differentiate personal and collective unconscious

Differentiate Personal and Collective Unconscious

Question number: 147

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The Person-Positivity Bias: Looking for the good in others-Explain (4 Marks)

Explanation

  • This bias, which has been as shown to apply to a wide range of situations, reflects the tendency to rate others in a predominantly positive way.

  • One simple explanation is that a Pollyanna principle operates to colour out perceptions.

  • According to this view we enjoy being surrounded by a pleasant world and thus we hope a propensity to view people through rose coloured glasses- any appropriate responses

The Person-Positivity Bias

The Person-Positivity Bias

Question number: 148

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Write short notes on

a) K-R formula 20 (Mark 2)

b) Spearman Brown formula (Mark 2)

c) Cronbach alpha (Mark 2)

Explanation

a. Kuder-Richardson formula 20- An index of reliability that is relevant to the special case where each test item is scored 0 or 1 (example right or wrong)

b. Spearman-Brown formula- A formula for adjusting split-half correlations so that they reflect the full length of a scale

c. Cronbach alpha- An index of reliability that may be thought of as the mean of all possible split-half coefficient, corrected by the spearman formula