A-AS Level (CIE) Psychology: Specimen Questions with Answers 125 - 127 of 299

Question number: 125

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Define Hedonism and Utilitarianism (4 Marks)

Explanation

Hedonism- People act in order to secure and maintain pleasure to avoid and reduce pain

Utilitarianism- The doctrine that advocates the pursuit of the greatest happiness of the greatest number

Define Hedonism and Utilitarianism

Define Hedonism and Utilitarianism

Question number: 126

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An insecure student may have a strong desire to cheat on an examination, but his conscience will not allow him even to consider such a thing. He may then suspect that other students are cheating when other students are not- This is an example of which defense mechanism? Justify (Marks 4)

Explanation

This example belongs to the defense mechanism of projection. Blaming someone else for own motives is called projection. In this the individual unacceptable behavior can be relieved by projecting it into another person.

This example belongs to the defense mechanism of projection

This Example Belongs to the Defense Mechanism of Projection

Question number: 127

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Differentiate internal and external locus of control (Marks 3)

Explanation

Internal locus of control- A belief that reinforcement is brought about by our own behavior

External locus of control- A belief that reinforcement is under the control of other people, fate or luck (Julian Rotter introduced the concept of locus of control)

Differentiate internal and external locus of control

Differentiate Internal and External Locus of Control