A-AS Level (CIE) Psychology: Specimen Questions with Answers 10 - 12 of 299

Question number: 10

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“Tyranny of the shoulds”-Who proposed it? Explain (Marks 4)

Explanation

An attempt to realize an unattainable idealized self-image by denying the true self and behaving in terms of what we should be doing is known as tyranny of the shoulds. For example people they tell themselves as they should be the perfect spouse, parent, employee, lover, friend, because they find their real self-image so undesirable and they believe that they must act to live up their illusory, idealized self-image in which they see themselves in a highly positive light. It was first proposed by Karen Horney

Idealized self-image

Idealized Self-Image

Question number: 11

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Brief Yerkes-Dodson law (Marks 4)

Explanation

Yerkes-Dodson law states that performances increases with physiological or mental arousal but only up to optimum level. It was stated by Robert M. Yerkes and John Dillingham Dodson in 1908.

Yerkes-Dodson law states

Yerkes-Dodson Law States

Question number: 12

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List out the qualities of good research (Mark 5)

Explanation

  • Good research is systematic

  • Good research is empirical

  • Good research is valid and verifiable

  • Good research is logical

  • Good research develops theories and principles

  • Research is replicable

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