A-AS Level (CIE) Psychology: Specimen Questions with Answers 119 - 121 of 299

Question number: 119

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Brief about the behavioral problems in schizophrenia (Marks 5)

Explanation

Behavioral problems in Schizophrenia

  • Pacing excitably, wild agitation

  • Catatonic immobility

  • Inappropriate dress

  • Ignoring personal hygiene

  • Inappropriate affect

Question number: 120

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What are the circumstances in which students will be most persistent in academic tasks? (4 Marks)

Explanation

  • It is best for students to believe that it is their own behaviour rather than external circumstances that lead to success or failure.

  • Internal locus of control- It is good for students to have a realistic understanding of what’s happening around them, research shows that the most successful have a tendency to overestimate the degree to which their own behaviour leads to success or failure-any appropriate response

Internal locus of control-

Internal Locus of Control-

Question number: 121

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Explain the theory and central idea of how children learn to understand and speak a language associated with the following authors

a) Skinner (Mark 2)

b) Chomsky (Mark 2)

c) Piaget (Mark 2)

d) Bruner (Mark 2)

Explanation

a. Behaviourist- Children imitate adults. Their correct utterances are reinforced when they get what they want or praised- Skinner

b. Innateness- A child’s brain contains special language learning mechanism as birth- Chomsky

c. Cognitive- Language is just one aspect of a child’s overall intellectual development- Piaget

d. Interaction- This theory emphasizes the interaction between children and their care givers-Bruner