A-AS Level (CIE) Psychology: Specimen Questions with Answers 119 - 121 of 299

Question 119

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Brief about the behavioral problems in schizophrenia (Marks 5)

Explanation

Behavioral problems in Schizophrenia

  • Pacing excitably, wild agitation
  • Catatonic immobility
  • Inappropriate dress
  • Ignoring personal hygiene
  • Inappropriate affect

Question 120

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What are the circumstances in which students will be most persistent in academic tasks? (4 Marks)

Explanation

  • It is best for students to believe that it is their own behaviour rather than external circumstances that lead to success or failure.
  • Internal locus of control- It is good for students to have a realistic understanding of what՚s happening around them, research shows that the most successful have a tendency to overestimate the degree to which their own behaviour leads to success or failure-any appropriate response
Internal Locus of Control-

Question 121

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Explain the theory and central idea of how children learn to understand and speak a language associated with the following authors

  • Skinner (Mark 2)
  • Chomsky (Mark 2)
  • Piaget (Mark 2)
  • Bruner (Mark 2)

Explanation

  • Behaviorist- Children imitate adults. Their correct utterances are reinforced when they get what they want or praised- Skinner
  • Innateness- A child՚s brain contains special language learning mechanism as birth- Chomsky
  • Cognitive- Language is just one aspect of a child՚s overall intellectual development- Piaget
  • Interaction- This theory emphasizes the interaction between children and their care givers-Bruner