A-AS Level (CIE) Psychology: Specimen Questions with Answers 102 - 104 of 299

Question number: 102

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Explain Bem’s Self-perception theory (4 Marks)

Explanation

Bem’s self-perception theory claims that people come to know their own attitudes, beliefs, and other internal states by inferring from their own behaviour and the circumstances under which they occur. Secondly the theory claims that when internal cues are weak, the individual is in the same position as an outside observer who must rely upon the external cues of their behaviour to infer their own characteristics.

Self-perception theory

Self-Perception Theory

Question number: 103

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What are the limitations of experimental method? (Marks 2)

Explanation

Limitations of experimental method are

  • It cannot be always use as the experiment might be dangerous for the subjects

  • Conclusions derived from an experiment may be limited to the artificial experiment situation- they may not apply to “natural” situations or even to other experience mental situations.

Limitations of experimental method

Limitations of Experimental Method

Question number: 104

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List out the criticisms against TTCT (Mark 4)

Explanation

  • The response set might influence the results. Thus different order in the presentation of the items leads to different results.

  • Creativity tests administered under different conditions lead to differences in performance

  • Raters of thee TTCT might differ considerably in their scores to a similar person

  • Structure of the test itself is inadequate.