A-AS Level (CIE) Psychology: Specimen Questions with Answers 100 - 101 of 299

Question 100

Edit

Write in Short

Short Answer▾

Differentiate conditional and unconditional positive regard (Marks 3)

Explanation

Unconditional positive regard- Approval granted regardless of a person’s behavior. In Roger’s person-centered Therapy, the therapist offers the client unconditional positive regard. By this, Rogers meant that the mother’s love for the child is granted freely and fully; it is not conditional or dependent on the child’s behavior

Conditional positive regard- Approval, love or acceptance granted only when a person expresses desirable behaviors and attitudes

Conditional and unconditional positive regard

Conditional and Unconditional Positive Regard

Loading image

Question 101

Edit

Write in Short

Short Answer▾

Explain the psychosocial and biological influences of Gender Dysphoria (Marks 6)

Explanation

Biological influences of Gender Dysphoria are

  • Not yet confirmed, although likely to involve prenatal exposure to hormones
  • Hormonal variations may be natural or result from medication

Psychological influences of Gender Dysphoria are

  • Gender identity develops between one and half and three years of age
  • “Masculine” behaviors in girls and “feminine: behavior in boys evoke different responses in different families