A-AS Level (CIE) Psychology: Specimen Questions with Answers 100 - 101 of 299

Question 100

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Differentiate conditional and unconditional positive regard (Marks 3)

Explanation

Unconditional positive regard- Approval granted regardless of a person՚s behavior. In Roger՚s person-centered Therapy, the therapist offers the client unconditional positive regard. By this, Rogers meant that the mother՚s love for the child is granted freely and fully; it is not conditional or dependent on the child՚s behavior

Conditional positive regard- Approval, love or acceptance granted only when a person expresses desirable behaviors and attitudes

Conditional and Unconditional Positive Regard

Question 101

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Explain the psychosocial and biological influences of Gender Dysphoria (Marks 6)

Explanation

Biological influences of Gender Dysphoria are

  • Not yet confirmed, although likely to involve prenatal exposure to hormones
  • Hormonal variations may be natural or result from medication

Psychological influences of Gender Dysphoria are

  • Gender identity develops between one and half and three years of age
  • Masculine behaviors in girls and feminine: behavior in boys evoke different responses in different families

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