A-AS Level (CIE) Psychology: Specimen Questions with Answers 97 - 99 of 299

Question 97

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Differentiate Competitive altruism theory from Kin selection theory (marks 4)

Explanation

Competitive altruism from Kin selection theory are as follows

  • Competitive altruism suggests that we help others as a means of increasing our own status and reputation and so benefit from helping in important ways
  • Kin selection theory suggests that we help others who are related to us because this increases the likelihood that our genes will be transmitted to our future generations

Question 98

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Expand CIAPR, ANOVA, BDI, DSM and HRSD (Mark 5)

Explanation

  • CIAPR- Cambridge Institute of Applied Psychology Religion
  • ANOVA- Analysis of Variance

  • BDI- Beck Depression Inventory

  • DSM –Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders

  • HSRD- Hamilton Rating scale for depression

Question 99

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Explain the Beck’s Cognitive therapy (Marks 5)

Explanation

Limitations of Beck’s Cognitive therapy

  • CT has been criticized for focusing on too much on the power of positive thinking; being too superficial and simplistic
  • Denying the importance of client’s past

  • Being too technique oriented

  • Failing to use the therapeutic relationship

  • Working only on eliminating symptoms

  • But failing to explore the cause of underlying difficulties

  • Ignoring the role of unconscious factors

  • Neglecting the role of feelings

Limitations of Beck’s Cognitive Therapy