A-AS Level (CIE) Psychology: Specimen Questions with Answers 91 - 92 of 299

Question number: 91

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Give an example of an apparent motion (Marks 4)

Explanation

Apparent motion is movement perceived in the absence of physical movement of an image across the Retina. In other words with the eyes, head and body steady, and with no physical movement of an object, motion is still perceived. Stroboscopic motion, the kind seen in movies and on television, is a common example of apparent motion

The Movement perceived

The Movement Perceived

Question number: 92

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What are the three level of analysis? Explain with examples (Mark 10)

Explanation

  • Societal level analysis- To identify links between broad social forces and general patterns of social behaviours. Social behaviour from this viewpoint is explained by factors like economic hard times, class conflicts etc.

  • For example to study violence in urban areas, social scientists might identify relationships between rates of crime and factors such as poverty, immigration or industrialization

  • Individual level analysis- The level of analysis is used by clinical and personality psychologists who explain behaviour in terms of a person’s unique personality characteristics and life history.

  • For example violent crimes will be explained in terms of unique histories and characteristics of the criminal

  • Interpersonal level analysis- The constituents of social situation are the people, their attitudes and behaviours and their relationship to the individual

  • Our social explanation suggests that frustrating situations make people angry and increase their tendency to act aggressively

Three level of analysis

Three Level of Analysis