A-AS Level (CIE) Psychology: Specimen Questions with Answers 88 - 88 of 299

Question number: 88

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Expand CBM and who introduced it? Why it is used as an alternative to REBT? (Marks 8)

Explanation

CBM- Cognitive behavior modification was introduced by Donald Meichenbaum. Reasons for alternative to REBT are as follows

  • It focuses on changing the client’s self-verbalizations

  • Meichenbaum cognitive behavioral approach combines some of the best elements of behavior and cognitive therapy

  • A basic premise of CBM is that clients, as a prerequisite to behavior change, must notice how they think, feel, behave and the impact they have on others

  • REBT is more direct and confrontational in covering and disrupting irrational thoughts, whereas Meichenbaum self-instructional training focuses more on helping clients become aware of their self-talk and the stories they tell about themselves

  • Together, therapist and client practice the self-instructions and the desirable behaviors in role-play situations that stimulate problem situations in the client’s daily life

  • The emphasis is on acquiring practical coping skills for problematic situations such as impulsive and aggressive behavior, anxiety in social situations, fear of taking tests, eating problems and fear of public speaking

CBM- Cognitive behavior modification

CBM- Cognitive Behavior Modification