A-AS Level (CIE) Psychology: Specimen Questions with Answers 80 - 82 of 299

Question number: 80

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Short Answer Question▾

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The following books were written by (Marks 4)

a) Man search for himself

b) A way of being

c) Toward a psychology of being

d) Man search for meaning

Explanation

a) Man search for himself

b) A way of being

c) Toward a psychology of being

d) Man search for meaning

Answer:

a) Man search for himself- Rollo May

b) A way of being- Carl Rogers

c) Toward a psychology of being- Abraham Maslow

d) Man search for meaning- Victor Frankl

Question number: 81

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List out the typical situations avoided by people with schizophrenia (Marks 10)

Explanation

Typical situations avoided by people with Agoraphobia

  • Shopping malls

  • Buses

  • Trains

  • Subways

  • Wide streets

  • Tunnels

  • Restaurants

  • Theaters

  • Supermarkets

  • Stores

  • Crowds

  • Planes

  • Elevators

  • Escalators

Question number: 82

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Define conflict and causes of conflict (Mark 10)

Explanation

Conflict is the social process in which individuals or groups seek their ends directly challenging the antagonist by violence or threat of violence

Causes of conflict

According to Freud and some other psychologists, the innate instinct for aggression in man is the main cause of conflicts.

  • Individual difference- It is true that, we, the human being, are not alike by nature, attributes, interests, personalities etc. These differences may lead to conflict among the human beings

  • Cultural differences- The culture of a group differs from the culture of the other group.

  • Difference of opinion regarding interest- In fact, the interests of different people or groups occasionally clash. For example we can say that interests of employers and employees vary in respect which may ultimately leads to conflict among them.

  • Social change- Social changes occur off and on in each and every society. Conflict is an expression of social disequilibrium. Social change is the cultural log which leads to conflict.

The Causes of conflict

The Causes of Conflict