A-AS Level (CIE) Psychology: Specimen Questions with Answers 70 - 71 of 299

Question number: 70

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Explain Atkinson-Shiffrin theory of memory

a). How the memory does starts with the sensory input from the environment? (2 Marks)

b). What is the duration of the information attended in the sensory register passed to the short term memory held for? (Marks 2)

Explanation

a). In the Atkinson-Shiffrin theory of memory, memory starts with the sensory input from the environment. This input is held for very brief time-several seconds at most- in a sensory register associated with the sensory channels (vision, hearing, touch and so forth).

b). Information that is attended to and recognized in the sensory register may be passed on to Short term memory (STM), where it is held for perhaps 20 or 30 seconds

Atkinson-Shiffrin theory of memory

Atkinson-Shiffrin Theory of Memory

Question number: 71

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Explain Act and commitment therapy (ACT) (Marks 4)

Explanation

Acceptance and Commitment therapy are as follows (ACT)

  • Another mindfulness based approach is Acceptance and Commitment therapy

  • It involves fully accepting present experience and mindfully letting go of obstacles.

  • In this approach “acceptance is not merely tolerance- rather it is the active non judgemental embracing of experience in the here and now”

  • The goal for individuals is to become aware of and to examine their thoughts

  • They learn how to accept and distance themselves from the thoughts and feelings they may have been trying to deny

Acceptance and Commitment therapy

Acceptance and Commitment Therapy