A-AS Level (CIE) Psychology: Specimen Questions with Answers 58 - 59 of 299

Question number: 58

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Explain Piaget’s theoretical approach on Cognitive Development (Mark 8)

Explanation

  • Sensorimotor stage (infancy) In this period intelligence is demonstrated through motor activity and without the use of symbols. Knowledge of the world is limited but developing because it is based on physical interactions and experiences. Children acquire object permanence at about seven months of age

  • Pre-operational stage (toddlerhood and early childhood)

  • In this period intelligence is demonstrated through the use of symbols but thinking is done in non-logical and non-reversible manner. Egocentric thinking predominates

  • Concrete operational stage (elementary and early adolescence- Intelligence is demonstrated through logical and systematic manipulation of symbols related to concrete objects. Operational thinking develops and egocentric thought disappears

  • Formal operational stage (early adolescence and adulthood) - Intelligence is demonstrated through the logical use of symbols related to abstract concepts.

Cognitive Development

Cognitive Development

Question number: 59

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Achieving identity: A key task of Adolescence- Explain (Marks 5)

Explanation

  • Seeking identity involves searching for continuity and sameness in oneself- trying to get a clear sense of what one’s skills and personal attributes are, to discover where one is headed in life, and to believe that one can count on recognition from “significant others”.

  • Adolescents who fail to achieve a sense of identity may face confusion over what roles they can or should be playing in life. This may delay any commitment to adult roles, a delay with Erikson calls a psychosocial moratorium

Achieving identity: A key task of Adolescence

Achieving Identity: A Key Task of Adolescence