A-AS Level (CIE) Psychology: Specimen Questions with Answers 43 - 45 of 299

Question 43

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Short Answer▾

Define the following terms (Marks 6)

a) Cardinal traits

b) Central traits

c) Secondary traits

Explanation

  • Cardinal traits- The most pervasive and powerful human traits- Example ruing passion, sadism and chauvinism. 6
  • Central traits- The handful of outstanding traits that describe a person’s behavior. Example Self-pity etc. These are the kinds of characteristics we would mention when discussing a friend’s personality or writing a letter of recommendation
  • Secondary traits- The least important traits, which a person may display inconspicuously and inconsistently. They may include a minor preference for a particular type of music or for a certain food.
Define the following terms

Define the Following Terms

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Question 44

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One Liner▾

What is Tardive dyskinesia? (Marks 2)

Explanation

Extra pyramidal symptom and sometimes irreversible side effect of long term medication, involving involuntary movements, especially in the face and tongue is known as Tardive dyskinesia

The Tardive dyskinesia

The Tardive Dyskinesia

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Question 45

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Short Answer▾

Elucidate Guilford’s Structure-of-intellect theory (Mark 10)

Explanation

Content dimension

  • Visual- Information arising from stimulation on the retina in the form of an image.
  • Auditory-Information arising from the stimulation of the cochlea
  • Symbolic- Information perceived as symbols or signs that have no meaning by themselves; for example, Arabic numerals or the letters of an alphabet
  • Semantic- Information perceived in words or sentences whether oral, written or silently in one’s mind.
  • Behavioural- Information perceived as acts of an individual
  • Operation dimension
  • Cognition-Ability to understand, comprehend, discover and become aware
  • Memory-Ability to memorize information
  • Divergent production-Process of generating multiple solutions to a problem
  • Convergent production-Process of deducing a single solution to a problem
  • Explanation-Process of judging whether an answer is accurate, consistent or valid
  • Products dimension
  • Unit-Represents a single item of information
  • Classes- A set of items that share some attributes
  • Relation-Represents a connection between items or variables may be linked as opposites or in associations, sequences or analogies
  • System-An organization of items or networks with interacting pairs
  • Transformation-Changes perspectives, conversions or mutations to knowledge such as reversing the order of letters of a word
  • Implication-Predictions, inferences, consequences or anticipations of knowledge.

In the modified version the number of the cells 150 (5 contents×5 operations×6 products = 150 cells)