A-AS Level (CIE) Psychology: Specimen Questions with Answers 34 - 36 of 299

Question number: 34

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Short Answer Question▾

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Explain the signs of Negative self-concept in Adolescents (Mark 3)

Explanation

Several signs may indicate that an adolescent has a negative self-concept. These are as follows

  • Doing poorly in school

  • Having few friends

  • Putting down one self and others

  • Rejecting compliments

  • Teasing others

  • Showing excessive amounts of anger

  • Being excessively jealous

  • Hesitating to try new things.

Question number: 35

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One Liner Question▾

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Explain Opponent-Process theory of emotion (Marks 2)

Explanation

A hedonistic view of motivation and emotion which says that many emotional-motivating states are followed by an opposing or opposite, state is known as opponent process theory.

Opponent-Process theory

Opponent-Process Theory

Question number: 36

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Zuckerman identified four components of sensation seeking- Explain with an example (Marks 4)

Explanation

Zuckerman identified four components of sensation seeking

  • Thrill and adventure seeking- A desire to engage in physical activities involving speed, danger, novelty and defiance of gravity such as parachuting, scuba diving and bungee jumping

  • Experience seeking- The search for novel experiences through travel, music, art or a nonconformist lifestyle with similarly inclined persons

  • Disinhibit ion-The need to seek release in uninhibited social activities

  • Boredom susceptibility- An aversion to repetitive experiences, routine work, predictable people and a reaction of restless discontent when exposed to such situations

Zuckerman identified four components of sensation seeking

Zuckerman Identified Four Components of Sensation Seeking

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