A-AS Level (CIE) Psychology: Specimen Questions with Answers 29 - 30 of 299

Question 29


Write in Brief

One Liner▾

a) What is the relative weightages to be given to the technical, managerial and behavioral qualities and within each of these categories to different qualities?

b) Besides job descriptions, it is necessary to have a detailed list of qualities requited to perform each of the performance appraisal system


a) This depends upon the tasks to be performed in the organization. By and large, as one goes up in the organizational hierarchy, more emphasis should be given to managerial and behavioral qualities than technical skills. Prior determination of the weightages helps in looking for the most suitable candidates

b) Qualities required to perform the roles are as follows

  • Technical knowledge and skills
  • Managerial capabilities and qualities

  • Behavioral capabilities

  • Conceptual capabilities

Question 30


Write in Short

Short Answer▾

Differentiate Empathy-altruism hypothesis from empathic-joy hypothesis (marks 4)


Empathy-altruism from empathic joy are as follows

  • Empathy-altruism hypothesis proposes that because of empathy, we help those in need because we experience empathic concern for them
  • Empathic joy hypothesis suggests that helping stems from the positive reactions recipients show when they receive help (e. g. , Gifts) and the positive feelings this, in turn, induces in helpers

Empathy-Altruism from Empathic Joy