A-AS Level (CIE) Psychology: Specimen Questions with Answers 277 - 280 of 299

Question 277

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List out the two attitudes and four functions as described by Carl Jung (Marks 4)

Explanation

To Carl Jung, eight personality types based on inter-actions of the attitudes are Introversion and Extraversion Functions are thinking, sensing, feeling and intuiting

Attitudes and four functions as described by Carl Jung

Attitudes and Four Functions as Described by Carl Jung

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Question 278

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Define fading in behavior modification (Marks 2)

Explanation

Fading can be defined as follows

  • Fading is one way to transfer stimulus control from the prompts to the SD
  • Gradually removing the prompts until the behavior was occurring in the presence of SD without any supplemental stimuli
Fading in behavior modification

Fading in Behavior Modification

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Question 279

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Define syncretic reasoning (Marks 2)

Explanation

The tendency of the children in the preoperational stage to see unrelated events as related is known as syncretic reasoning

Define syncretic reasoning

Define Syncretic Reasoning

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Question 280

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Compare Self-perception theory and Cognitive dissonance theory (4 Marks)

Explanation

Cognitive dissonance theory assumes that people are motivated to maintain consistency between self-beliefs and experience an unpleasant state of dissonance when they hold two inconsistent beliefs about the self. Unlike cognitive dissonance theory, self-perception theory does not assume that any motivational state is necessary for change in self-knowledge.

Self-perception theory and Cognitive dissonance theory

Self-Perception Theory and Cognitive Dissonance Theory

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