A-AS Level (CIE) Psychology: Specimen Questions with Answers 265 - 265 of 299

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Question 265

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Differentiate positive symptoms from negative symptoms of schizophrenia (Marks 5)

Explanation

Differentiate between positive and negative symptoms of Schizophrenia are as follows

  • Positive symptoms of schizophrenia are the most obvious signs of psychosis. These includes disturbing experiences of delusions and hallucinations. Approximately 70 % of people with schizophrenia display these symptoms
  • Misinterpretation of reality is called as delusions. A common delusion in people with schizophrenia is the others are “out to get them” called as delusions of persecution
  • Experience of sensory events without any input from the surrounding environment is called as hallucinations
  • Negative symptoms usually indicate the absence or insufficiency of normal behavior. These include apathy, emotional and social with drawl and approximately 25 % of people with schizophrenia display these symptoms approximately 25 % of people with schizophrenia display these symptoms
    • Avolition- Inability to initiate and persist in activities
    • Alogia- Refers to the relative absence of speech
    • Anhedonia- Refers to the presumed lack of pleasure

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