A-AS Level (CIE) Hinduism: Specimen Questions with Answers 50 - 50 of 51

Question 50

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Explain- what is Ahimsa in Hinduism.

Explanation

Ahimsa is one of the basic principles and it plays an important role in Hinduism. In Sanskrit- ‘himsa’ means violence so that, the word ‘Ahimsa’ means nonviolence. The concept Ahimsa is not limited to human beings but to all every creature in the world. Hinduism always considers Ahimsa- as the penance (tapas), greatest practice (abhyasa), greatest friend (mitra) and the highest sacrifice (tyaga) ever. Ahimsa means- not harming anyone in the world by wordily, mentally, and physically. It is the duty of a human being to give protection to all creatures. That is why lord Krishna in Bhagavad Gita clearly mentions some main qualities of a Sattvika (pure being) like this- abhayam (fearlessness), sattva samsuddhi (purity), ahimsa (non-violence), satyam (truth) akrodha (non-anger), adroha (non-injury), daya sarvabhuteshu (compassion to all creatures) and so on.

But it does not mean that we all should remain silent when any social evil takes place. Because it is our primary duty to protect and defend ourselves against social evil at any cost. That is why lord Krishna urges the great warrior Arjuna to fight for the re-establishment of dharma (righteousness) by quoting- “yadruchhaya cha upapannam, swarga dwaram apavitram, sukhina kashatriya partha labhante yuddham idrusham, ” which means- luckiest warriors (kshatriyas) are those who got opportunity to defend dharma, that may lead to the opening of doors to the heaven.

Apart from all these, Dhanurveda (military science) is an important and unavoidable part as well in Hinduism. This science neither encourages nor urges the violence but, teaches the weaponry skills to uphold the dharma (righteousness) and niti (justice).

So, from all the above statements, we can understand the role of Ahimsa in Hinduism.

Ahimsa and Sattvika

Ahimsa and Sattvika

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