A-AS Level (CIE) Hinduism: Specimen Questions with Answers 46 - 46 of 51

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Question 46


Describe in Detail


Philosophy of Iswara (god) in Hinduism.


As per the Hinduism, Iswara is called as “janmadyasya yatah” , that means- “from whom all the three process- birth (srishti) , continuation (sthiti) and dissolution (samhara) of the universe taking place. He is eternal, pure, teacher of all teachers and all knowing.”

Normally, it is said that some devotees tend to confuse- both the personal and impersonal god are separate things. But the reality is that the personal god worshipped by the devotee (bhakta) is neither separate nor different from the supreme or eternal soul (Brahma) .

And those people- who attained the state where there is neither creation nor created and neither subject nor object, such people have already reached the stage- where no words and mind can go, that which shruti claims “not this, not this” (neti, neti) . If we take examples of Prahlada and Gopis, we can see that- when they totally immersed in the devotion, they always tend to lose their sense of their own both identity and personality as well.

The devotees- those who never reached that state would remain the triune vision of brahma as the eternal soul (purusha) and nature (prakriti) . They will re start their spiritual journey wherever they had stopped in their upcoming births.

As per the great sage Adi Shankaracharya- “who by worshipping qualified brahma attain conjunction with supreme ruler will attain the unlimited glory and their own kingdom.”

Then, all such devotees wishes will get fulfilled in all worlds by offering worship to all the gods.

Types of Iswara/God

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