A-AS Level (CIE) Hinduism: Specimen Questions with Answers 36 - 36 of 51

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Question 36


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Explain Adhibhuta, adhidaiva and adhiyajna that mentioned in Bhagavad Gita.


  • The eighth chapter of Bhagavat Gita begins with the doubt of Arjuna regarding those technical terms that mentioned by lord Krishna. Lord Krishna mentions all these terms in the seventh chapter of Bhagavad Gita. Even, the great warrior Arjuna used to hear all these terms for the first time while having the discussion with lord Krishna.
  • As per lord Krishna- “adhibhutam ksharo bhava purusha cha adhidaivatam adhiyajna aham evatra dehe dehabhritam varah.” This quote clearly mentions that the frequently changes of physical manifestation is called adhibhuta. As an eternal soul (Paramatma) , I am the master that which took charge upon all the demi gods. Moreover, as the lord of all sacrifices, I reside in the heart of each and every living being in the form of supreme soul (purushottama) .
  • These terms or statements resemble both the outer and inner universe of all creatures. Through this quote as a supreme soul, lord Krishna reminds us that by the constant remembering of lord (Nama Sramana) , any spiritual aspirant or seeker can attain the self-realization very easily.
  • In Bhagavat Gita, lord Krishna mentions that performing one՚s own prescribed duty is another form of yajna or sacrifice. Hence, irrespective of spiritual and material seekers he urges everybody to do their duty by remembering the almighty in any form according to the one՚s own taste. He again says- “tasmat sarveshu kaleshu, mam anusmara yudhya cha,” it means- in all times, do the duty along with the constant remembering of me.
  • Above mentioned all are the main objectives of referring of those technical terms in Bhagavad Gita by lord Krishna.
Bhagavad Gita

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