A-AS Level (CIE) Hinduism: Specimen Questions with Answers 3 - 3 of 51

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Question 3


Describe in Detail


Concept of OM in Hinduism


In Hinduism, OM is not just a sound, but a powerful mantra that holds an unlimited power in it.

In B. Gita, lord Krishna says that-

OM iti ekaksharam brahma

vyavaharan mam anusmaran

Yah prayati tyajan deham

sa yati paramam gatim

  • It means- “One who departs from the body while remembering me and chanting the Om mantra, will attain the supreme goal”
  • According to Swami Vivekananda-highest name of god is OM. So repeat and meditate on it. Repeating the Om continually is the only true worship. It is not just a word, but God Himself.
  • As per the Hindu culture, chanting OM itself is enough to attain the Brahma that leads to the self-realization. If one doesn՚t get the concentration while meditating, some deep breaths along with the chanting of OM is capable to make one concentrated and continue the meditation process. If any such person further moves in spiritual path, he/she can hear the voice of OM even in own heartbeat, in the waves of sea, in the rain and so on. OM is within each and every sound and vice versa. This type of voice is called as “Nada Brahma” / “Sabda Brahma” / “Anahat shabda” or the Sound of Brahma.
  • Almost all Mantras are starting with the sacred word-OM. OM is divided into three syllables-A + U + M. The first syllable A represents-Creation (Srishti) , second syllable U represents-Maintanance (Sthithi) and M represents-Destruction (Samhara) .
  • Worshiping the sacred mantra OM is known as Pranavopasana. If anyone do the pranavopasana, it will help to open up the seventh chakra known as-Sahasrara chakra or crown chakra that situates in the top of the head.
  • In Hinduism, each and every sacred ceremonies, celebrations, festivals and customs starts with the long chanting of the OM mantra, because of it՚s auspiciousness.
  • OM can be considered or used as a simple mantra and as a seed mantra (bija mantra) also.
  • OM is Gunatita (beyond trigunas-satvaguna, rajoguna, tamoguna) as well as kalatita (beyond the time-past, present, future) in nature. So those who chant or meditate upon OM can have all those above mentioned gunas. Even, mere chanting of OM will take us to the ultimate goal of human life that is Moksha or self-realization through the spiritual upliftment.
  • These all are the important factors regarding the concept of OM in Hinduism.

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