A-AS Level (CIE) Hinduism: Specimen Questions with Answers 26 - 26 of 41

Question 26

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Explain role of Purusharthas in human life: -

Explanation

  • According to Hinduism, Purusharthas are the four pillars of a human life. They are-Dharma, Artha, Kama, Moksha.

  • Among these, Dharma is the base for all.

  • Dharma-Dharma is a term that has a wider expression. The definition of Dharma changes frequently according to the situation.

  • B. Gita starts with the word-“Dharma kshetre” and again mentions it-“Yada Yada hi Dharmasya”. Here, B. Gita use the term ‘Dharma’ as ‘Rightousness’.

  • But in other scenerio, Gita mentions ‘Dharma’ as “prescribed Duty” in some quotes-“Swa Dharmam api chavekshya”, “para Dharmo bhayavah” and so on.

  • It means that-Whatever we says, whatever we do, whatever we achieve-Dharma must be the root for everything

  • Artha-Artha means wealth. By making Dharma as the base, we can earn as much as possible. It is not just to meet expenses, but to fulfill our wishes that we all have in our life.

  • Kama-Kama means desire, pleasure, wishes and so on. This too must be based on Dharma; that is-Rightousness. Whatever our wish may be, it must be beneficial to others. Atleast, better to make sure that it won’t make anybody harm. We must fulfill our wishes only by using the wealth-that we earned through the right way.

  • Moksha-It means liberation or self-realization. It is the Ultimate goal of all human life. After fulfilling our desires through the earned wealth, one must learn to detach themselves to attain this ultimate goal. Moksha has nothing to do with material thing but, this is all about the Soul or Atman.

  • A human life is divided into four stages-Brahmacharya, Grihasta, Vanaprasta, and Sanyasa.

  • At the time of Brhamcharya-one has to achieve the knowledge on Dharma, at the time of Grihasta-Artha, Vanaprasta for Kama and Sanyasa for Moksha.

  • These are the roles of Purusharthas in a human life, according to Hinduism.