A-AS Level (CIE) Hinduism: Specimen Questions with Answers 15 - 15 of 41

Question number: 15

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Is king Janaka an ideal king?

Explanation

Yes.

  • It is right that the king Janaka plays an important role as an ideal person in all aspects of the Hinduism. When Arjuna decided to renounce everything just before Mahabharata war, even lord Krishna himself urged him to set king Janaka as a role model. In Bhagavat Gita, lord Krishna says- “karmanenaiva hi samsiddhim ashtita janakadayaha”, that is- “kings like Janaka attained the highest goal by performing their own prescribed duties”.

  • King Janaka led a perfect life that which is both spiritual as well as material. Actually, he never discriminates his subjects like that. He performed his duty very well as an ideal king, as an ideal father and as an ideal spiritual seeker.

  • He is a perfect Karma yogi, a Gyanayogi, and a Sannyasayogi. Despite being the ruler of a kingdom he never got attached in the temporary pleasures and never failed to attain the spiritual knowledge. King Janaka urged his beloved daughter Sita- to accompany her husband and reminded her about the duties as well as responsibilities of an ideal wife, when lord Rama was about to go for the exile to keep his promise that lord Rama had given to his beloved father, king Dasharatha.

  • Apart from all these, there was a conversation that happened between king Janaka and sage Ashtavakra and later turned into a famous discourse known as- Ashtavakra Gita. This discourse is considers as a reference to all those who are so eager for one’s own spiritual upliftment.

  • So in all ways, we can conclude that- as a karma yogi, as a gyanayogi and as a sannyasayogi- king Janaka is an ideal king and holds an important position in Hindu culture. If we all the rulers and administrators could have been set king Janaka as a perfect example, the whole world will be a much better place to live in and all the citizens can lead a prosperous life at its fullest potential.

King Janaka

King Janaka