A-AS Level (CIE) Hinduism: Specimen Questions with Answers 12 - 12 of 51

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Question 12


Describe in Detail


Elucidate the role of social reformers in Hinduism.


  • It is right that- Hinduism had gone through various editions and deletions as per the changes of ages. And so many misinterpretations had taken places as the result of one՚s own benefits and selfish motives that which lead to the exploitation of common people, those who has less knowledge and bonded with blind faiths in Hindu culture.
  • So, a mass social reform was the Need of Hour to stop all those blind believes that which existed in that time in our society. Here, so many social reformers like- Swami Vivekananda, Raja ram Mohan Roy, Swami Dayananda Saraswati etc. played a vital role to uproot all those social evils by re- establishing new systems with new interpretations.
  • We can see that- in those days Sati, Child marriage, Untouchability, Caste system etc. were the major social evils existed in the society.
  • Almost each and every social reformer worked tirelessly to eradicate such social evils by conducting night classes, by interpretation Hindu cultures in vernacular languages, by forcing the existing Govt to bring strict laws etc.
  • Raja Ram Mohan Roy is the one who played an important role to remove Sati system by convincing William Bentinck to pass a law against it.
  • The founder of Arya samaj- Swami Dayananda Saraswati urged everybody to ‘go back to Vedas’ . Because, he knew very well that through the study of Vedas, one can understand these social evils have nothing to do with the Vedas.
  • By conducting night classes for women, an eminent social reformer Jyotiba Phule done a great job by establishing Sathyasodhak samaj and through that he could eradicate the illiteracy among women to a great extent. This helped them very much to acquire knowledge and made them enough strong to stand on their own legs and enabled them to oppose all existing social evils especially Brahmin supremacy. As usual we all know that, women are the real change makers of our society, so it was the primary duty of all social reformers to make the women capable of anything and everything.
  • All other movements like- Brahma samaj, Home rule movement, Prarthna samaj etc. always stood for the entire social reformations.
  • One of the important social reformers Bal Gangadhar Tilak used to say that- “If god tolerates untouchability, I wouldn՚t recognize him as god” .
  • Such is the dedication of all social reformers, those who did their best to make the society a much better place to live in.
Elucidate the Role of Social Reformers in Hinduism

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