CIE Physical-Education Paper-1: Specimen Questions 216 - 220 of 256

Question number: 216

Short Answer Question▾

Write in Short

Many performers choose to train at altitude. Give example and how it benefits.

Explanation

Cycling. Exposure to high altitude could theoretically improve an athlete’s capacity to exercise. Exposing the body to high altitude causes it to acclimatize to the lower level of oxygen available in the atmosphere.

Passage

Tony and Larry are both starting to train for different types of activities. Tony is involved in an endurance activity whilst Larry do activities that require explosive strength.

Question number: 217 (1 of 8 Based on Passage) Show Passage

Short Answer Question▾

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Explain a safety factor to apply to Plyometric training to prevent injury.

Explanation

1) Perform plyometric before other types of training to be finish.

2) Perform cardiovascular and flexibility warm up prior to starting.

Question number: 218 (2 of 8 Based on Passage) Show Passage

Short Answer Question▾

Write in Short

Both choose to use Plyometric Training, explain why with examples.

Explanation

Main feature of plyometric training is that it enhances performance and also increases muscle strength.

Example: Depth jumps.

Question number: 219 (3 of 8 Based on Passage) Show Passage

Short Answer Question▾

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Their training develops different types of muscle fibers. Name two types of muscle fiber with their unique features.

Explanation

1) Slow twitch oxidative: - These muscle fibers are used in aerobic activity.

2) Fast twitch glycolytic: - These muscle fibers are used in short term anaerobic activity.

Question number: 220 (4 of 8 Based on Passage) Show Passage

Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

Tony and Larry continue to train for a substantial period. Name 2 training effects for heart and 2 for respiratory system.

Explanation

Two long term training effects of exercise on the heart are:

1) Arterial walls become more elastic which allows greater tolerance of changes in blood pressure.

2) The accumulation of lactic acid is much lower during high-levels activity, due to the circulatory system providing more Oxygen and removing waste products faster.

Two long term training effects on the respiratory system are:

1) This results in larger respiratory volumes, which allows more Oxygen to be diffused into the blood flow.

2) An increase in the number and diameter of capillaries surrounding the alveoli leads to an increase in the efficiency of gaseous exchange.

Both students are very enthusiastic about their training but tend to over train.

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